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Juniata Woolen Mill / aka Lutz Factory
Bedford Co. | Pennsylvania | USA | Late 1700's-expanded 1805
Township: Snake Spring Twp. | Watersource: Raystown Branch Juniata River.


Juniata Woolen Mill / aka Lutz Factory
Picture: Robert T. Kinsey 06/22/2010

The Lutz Factory was built in the late 1700's as a log woolen mill near the Juniata River. The log portion would have been attached to the surviving stone part on the left. The log wall of the rear of the stone part was rebuilt in recent years during restoration efforts.

Juniata Woolen Mill / aka Lutz Factory
Picture: Robert T. Kinsey 06/22/2010

The Forbes Military Road was completed in 1758. The road played a vital role in the establishment of the new frontier and in contributing to the settling of Western Pennsylvania.

Juniata Woolen Mill / aka Lutz Factory
Picture: Robert T. Kinsey 06/22/2010

The road became the Pennsylvania Road in 1785, the Chambersburg-Bedford Turnpike in 1805, and the Lincoln Highway/US 30 in 1925. The road opened up the wealth of raw materials from farming, mining, and lumbering with an access to markets further east.

Juniata Woolen Mill / aka Lutz Factory
Picture: Robert T. Kinsey 06/22/2010

Various industries, lumber, grist(flour), and woolen mills, flourished. Local roads, such as the Lutzville Road, connected the farms and mills, like the Juniata Woolen Mill here, with the major roads such as the Chambersburg-Bedford Turnpike.

Juniata Woolen Mill / aka Lutz Factory
Picture: Robert T. Kinsey 06/22/2010

This photo, from a display at the mill, shows the stone woolen mill with the attached, original log Lutzville Factory before the wooden portion was washed away in the 1936 Flood.

Juniata Woolen Mill / aka Lutz Factory
Picture: Robert T. Kinsey 06/22/2010

The Lutz Factory, built by John Lutz Newry, was the first woolen mill erected west of Harrisburg. The mill was first powered by an undershot wheel and was expanded to include the stone portion in 1805, which exists today. A turbine was added in 1870 for power production.

Juniata Woolen Mill / aka Lutz Factory
Picture: Robert T. Kinsey 06/22/2010

The mill reached its zenith during the Civil and Spanish-American Wars, producing blankets and stockings for the Army of the Potomac. competition from larger northeastern textile mills caused the closing of the mill prior to 1900.

Juniata Woolen Mill / aka Lutz Factory
Picture: Robert T. Kinsey 06/22/2010

GPS: 40d 0.74'N, 78d 25.93'W ele 1,047'/319 meters Everett West Quadrangle

Directions: The address is 1427 Lutzville Road. From Breezewood, go west on US 30 past the town of Everett until you come to the exit for Lutzville. Go south on Lutzville Rd, SR 2019, about one mile to the mill on the left.


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